Gum Disease: More Yucky Than You Realize

Sophisticated Smiles Gum Disease 3 Every day, 24-hours a day, 500 or more species of gross germs make your mouth their cozy home. And that’s just KINDS of bacteria. Given that each kind can consist of well over 100,000 bacteria, it’s easy to see why dentists say that your mouth has more bacterial residents than there are people in the city of New York. And, just like New York city, they NEVER go to sleep. They only do two things: chow down on food left in your teeth and make more germs.

Most people don’t like to talk about it, however, there is one more thing the germs do and that’s what causes all the problems. They excrete waste product. That bacteria poop is toxic to your teeth and gums.

The major cause of gum disease is plaque, the icky layer of bacteria poop that constantly builds up on your teeth. The bacteria’s poop (plaque) contains chemicals that attack your teeth and your gum tissue.

Common symptoms of gum disease are:
     • bleeding gums during brushing
     • red purple color to gums
     • sores on the gums
     • red, puffy gums
     • bad breath (halitosis)

If you follow our advice about dental home care and schedule twice-a-year cleanings at Sophisticated Smiles, the plaque can be kept to a minimum and gum disease can be averted. Even the damaging effects of gum disease are also quite simple to turn around when caught early by Sophisticated Smiles.

Sophisticated Smiles’s hygienists provide gentle, thorough cleanings that take off the plaque coating that regular brushing misses. They also offer education and instruction on how to get rid of the most plaque possible at home.

Gum disease is usually painless early on, so you may not be aware that you have it. Combine that with the fact that gum disease is almost impossible for the patient to diagnose on their own and it becomes obvious why you need to see us on a regular basis. At every visit, Dr. Szierer and a Sophisticated Smiles hygienist will take depth measurements of the v-shaped crevice (called a sulcus) between your teeth and gums to identify whether you have gum disease.

Gum disease attacks just below the gum line in the sulcus, where it damages the supporting and connective tissues. As the tissues are damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket; generally, the more severe the disease, the greater the depth of the pocket. Over time, the pocket can become so deep that your tooth is no longer attached to your gums or jawbone. And, that’s when they fall out.

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  • Sophisticated Smiles
  • Mark Szierer, DMD
  • 85 Reaville Ave
  • Flemington, NJ 08822
  • Phone: (908) 806-4333
  • Fax: (908) 806-2024

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