Gum Disease: More Yucky Than You Realize

Sophisticated Smiles Gum Disease 5 Right now, as you are reading this, over 500 unique types of active micro-organisms make your mouth their cozy home. And that’s just KINDS of bacteria. Given that each kind can consist of well over 100,000 bacteria, you can understand why some dentists say that your mouth is home to more individual bacteria than there are people in New York city. And, just like New York city, they NEVER go to sleep. They only do two things: munch on food left in your teeth and make bacteria babies.

In reality, there is one more thing the germs do and that’s what causes all the problems. They poop out waste product. That bacteria poop is toxic to your teeth and gums.

Gum disease is a result of plaque, the icky layer of bacteria waste that constantly builds up on your teeth. The bacteria’s waste (plaque) has chemical compounds that can damage the teeth and gums.

Common symptoms of gum disease are:
     • bleeding gums after brushing
     • cherry red color to gums
     • oral ulcers
     • inflamed gums
     • bad breath (halitosis)

If you follow our advice about dental home care and schedule twice-a-year cleanings at Sophisticated Smiles, the plaque can be kept to a minimum and gum disease can be averted. Even the damaging effects of gum disease are also very simple to turn around when addressed early by our hygienists.

Our hygienists provide gentle, thorough cleanings that get rid of the plaque build-up that regular brushing misses. They also provide education and instruction on how to get rid of the most plaque possible at home.

Gum disease is deceptively painless at the beginning, so you may not be aware that you have it. Combine that with the fact that gum disease is almost impossible for the patient to diagnose on their own and it becomes obvious why you need to see us regularly. At every visit, Dr. Szierer and a Sophisticated Smiles hygienist will take depth measurements of the shallow, v-shaped crevice (called a sulcus) between your teeth and gums to identify whether you have gum disease.

Gum disease attacks just below the gum line in the sulcus, where it causes the attachment of the tooth and supporting tissues to break down. As the tissues are damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket; generally, the deeper the pocket, the more severe the disease. Eventually, pockets can become so deep that your tooth is no longer attached to your gums or jawbone. And, that’s when they fall out.

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  • Sophisticated Smiles
  • Mark Szierer, DMD
  • 85 Reaville Ave
  • Flemington, NJ 08822
  • Phone: (908) 806-4333
  • Fax: (908) 806-2024

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